There are seven political parties represented in the Government of National Unity of the Republic of Rwanda. They are:
Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR)
Parti Social Démocrate (PSD)
Parti Libéral (PL)
Parti Démocrate Centriste (PDC)
Parti Démocratique Idéal (PDI)
Parti Socialiste Rwandais (PSR)
Union Démocratique du Peuple Rwandais (UDPR)
All regions, ethnic groups and religions are represented in the Government of National Unity. Women are also represented at cabinet level, in parliament, the civil service and in local and regional government.
The executive arm of government is headed by the President. The President is the Head of State. He also heads the cabinet. The cabinet is the body of ministers responsible for the conduct of national affairs. Ministers are appointed by the President upon consultation with leaders of political parties in the Government of National Unity.
Government departments or ministries are headed by Ministers. Some ministries also have Ministers of State, who are junior Ministers. The ministries are staffed by civil servants who are the main instrument for implementing government policy.
His Excellency Paul Kagame - President of the Republic of Rwanda
His Excellency Paul Kagame was sworn in as President of the Republic of Rwanda for a second seven-year term on 6 September 2010 following the country’s elections held on 9 August 2010.
Paul Kagame was born in October 1957 in Rwanda’s Southern Province. His family fled pre-independence ethnic persecution and violence in 1960, crossing into Uganda where Kagame spent thirty years as a refugee. Determined to resist oppressive regimes, as a young man, Paul Kagame joined current Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni and his group of guerilla fighters to launch a war to free Uganda from dictatorship. Under the new government, he served as a senior military officer.
In 1990, Paul Kagame returned to Rwanda to lead the Rwandan Patriotic Front’s (RPF) four-year struggle to liberate the country from the autocratic and divisive order established since independence. Led by Kagame, the Rwanda Patriotic Army defeated the genocidal government in July 1994 and the RPF subsequently set Rwanda on its current course towards reconciliation, nation building and socioeconomic development.
Paul Kagame was appointed Vice-President and Minister for Defence in the Government of National Unity on 19 July 1994, and four years later was elected Chairman of the RPF, a partner in the Government of National Unity. On 22 April 2000 Paul Kagame took the Oath of Office as President of the Republic of Rwanda after being elected by the Transitional National Assembly.
President Kagame has received recognition for his leadership in peace building and reconciliation, development, good governance, promotion of human rights and women’s empowerment, and advancement of education and ICT, and is widely sought after to address regional and international audiences on a range of issues including African development, leadership, and the potential of ICT as a dynamic industry as well as an enabler for Africa’s socioeconomic transformation. President Kagame currently serves as co-chair along with Prime Minister Jose Luis Zapatero of Spain, of the UNSG's Advisory Group on MDGs and as co-chair along with Carlos Slim of the ITU's Broadband Commission.
Paul Kagame is married to Jeannette Nyiramongi and they have four children. He is a keen tennis player and football fan.